Details of Design
Hospital to Hospitality – a model of establishment for specific physical treatment, where one feels the warmth and welcoming nature like Home.
An assisted living residence or facility is a housing facility for people with disabilities or for adults who cannot or chose not to live independently. The concept behind the proposed facility was assisting three types of residents, first – one who needs help with daily activities like using washroom,cooking,etc These residents also need assistance on a daily basis but for shorter span of time. Second – one with memory impairment support who would need assistance for performing activities like following time schedule, they need assistance on a daily basis for longer span of time. Third – end of life care support, they need regular supervision of 24 hours by assistants and doctors.
Site selection was a meticulously thought decision. The site is located in Durgapur. The residents are mainly aged adults whose children are established in nearby cities like Kolkata and Asansol.The layout of the city is a proper balance between open spaces and built spaces providing a community space in every pocket. Climate condition is warm and humid but presence of lush greenery makes the microclimate comfortable. Durgapur is a peaceful city with less traffic which makes it best for the location of the proposed facility. The welcoming nature of the residents is all together a perfect environment for the occupants of assisted facility.
The site chosen has basic amenities like parks, banks, post office, playgrounds, hospital in a radius of 1 km. The famous Mission Super Specialty Hospital is a major landmark near the site. It offers hospital facility and caters to emergency situations. Parks and grounds located nearby provide an interaction platform for the residents. People from the neighborhood gather in the park for daily Aarti and celebration of festivals. Nearby Food outlets provide door step service with variety of meals choices.
Site zoning is carried out under the principle of traditional healthcare spaces, where site is divided into public space and patient space with supporting facilities. Public space includes waiting area for visitors, Library, prayer hall, sitting area for occupants of the facility. This is the major interactive zone for the occupants with the neighbors, visitors, staff and with each other. Outsiders can also access this space. Residents who are interested in teaching small kids or selling home-made items like pickles can sell by making kiosk. It is the most flexible zone providing various entertainments. The patient space includes elderly inmate units ,care taker rooms, health care unit. This parcel is comparatively bigger in size to public space. Elderly inmate units cluster consist of a care taker room, individual courtyard and guest house for relatives and friends. Health care unit provides space for Admin,common room, pharmacy, doctors from 9am to 6pm,ICU and therapist for consultation support facilities like care taker residences and storage with wet and dry disposal, cleaning and washing departments
The site has an integration of elements of mind-body-spirit. Mind symbolizes the public space where they keep themself fresh, gives mind satisfaction tension. Body symbolize health care unit for taking care of the physical needs of the body. Spirit is the water body otherwise known as water kund, present in between the wards. This plaza is the main focal point of the site. Water acts as a soothing element and gives a sense of settlement and stability. This water body also helps in water harvesting. The mind-body- spirit binds the wards in perfect harmony.
The main motive of providing circulation was to reduce road coverage and restrict public vehicles at the entrance. Patient space (Health care unit) and public space is provided near to the entrance of the site. Thus the vehicular traffic is reduced and mostly stopped at the entrance itself and eases the work of security guard. Pedestrian traffic (elderly inmate units) goes further inside the site through the plaza around the water kund. No vehicular obstruction is faced by pedestrians, creating pedestrian friendly environments. Only doctors, staffs, close relatives of the residents, and maintenance workers are allowed inside the private space.
The built form was created with a vision to propose new ways of imagining and experiencing healthcare spaces. Planning is done keeping in mind the warm and humid climate, Courtyards are given which act as an activity node connected with shaded social corridors for residents to interact helps in air exchange. Shaded corridors (social corridor) are best as it increases air quantity and quality, creates a comfortable environment throughout the day. Shaded corridors give the pedestrian a walkway to access other wards at any time of day or season. Daylight is penetrated through a clerestory window in the entrance which also given a sense of entry and induces 70-80% of daylight inside the ward.
Efficient planning is done in terms of hierarchy of area, facility and user requirement. Four types of ward layouts are designed in the facility housing. First is a combination of Bedroom + Dining + living + Kitchen +. This is designed for user who needs life care support including physically handicapped. These residents need assistance on a daily basis for whole year. Second layout has Bedroom + living; here the patient can stay for less time period with a guest. Third layout is only Bedroom designed for single occupancy resident with no living space. Fourth layout is for double occupancy, consisting of 2 Bedrooms and a shared living space. Here two friends or couple can stay having separate bedrooms of their own.
Sustainable site features like rain water harvesting, biogas plant, waste water treatment, and grey water treatment has been taken care of in the site. 150 cubic meter volume of water is stored in the water kund as a reservoir and this water can also be used to modify the micro environment through evaporative cooling process. Solar panels are installed above the corridors, roof of inmates, health care unit. It has potential for producing 90 MWh each year.